Initially, John Wycliffe spoke out against the greed of the priests, the immoral lifestyle of some of them and the Pope’s right to appoint foreigners as bishops in England. He also objected to the church’s exemption from paying taxes on its considerable landholdings in England. As the government and the people mainly agreed with him about these, he was afforded some degree of protection.
Later he argued against the position of the Pope, calling him the anti-Christ, and against certain doctrines, including transubstantiation. These had less popular support and he was eventually removed from his position in Oxford. On returning to his parish, he and his followers concentrated on the work for which he is best remembered: that of translating the scriptures from the Latin Vulgate into English.