Continuing our series in the Shorter Catechism, we come to the doctrine of the Fall. We review the circumstances that led to Adam’s sin, including the creation of the angels and their part in these events. We see how it was that the Devil came into the Garden of Eden to tempt Adam and we go as far as we can to understand why Adam ate the fruit of the tree. We see that in doing this, Adam represented the whole human race, who therefore share in the guilt and condemnation of his sin.
Finally, we see that there is One man who has been born Who did not participate in the sin of Adam. He, the Lord Jesus Christ, had no sin of His own and was therefore able to pay the price to satisfy the justice of God for the sins of His people. The key question, then, is whether we are still under the covenant of works, condemned for the sin of Adam, or whether we have come to Christ in the covenant of grace, to be pardoned for our sin and inherit eternal life.