Paul presents two paths of life in the light of his earlier teaching in this book: the path of slavery to sin which leads to death and the path of slavery to righteousness which leads to eternal life. He indicates that no-one receives any benefit from a life lived in slavery to sin but simply receives the wages of sin - death. In contrast, we who are believers should live out what we are. We should no longer yield to the dominion of sin but to that of righteouness, receiving the free gift of God which is eternal life.
Unbelievers who have no struggle with sin are called to come to Christ for forgiveness and life. Believers are exhorted to renew their battle and not to quench or grieve the Spirit by sin but to walk in the new life that is theirs in Christ.